Useful links


  • – The Otago CTO Study is an inter-disciplinary research project involving researchers from the Faculty of Law, the Department of Psychological Medicine and the Department of Community and Family Studies, of the University of Otago, in Dunedin, New Zealand.

Optional Protocol to the Convention against Torture and other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment.

The Swiss Society for Social psychiatry (multilingual site)

The networks main goal is to stimulate research activities and develop new knowledge on the    use of coercion in Norwegian mental health care

VALIDITY (previously known as The Mental Disability Advocacy Center) is an international human rights organisation which advances the rights of children and adults with intellectual disabilities and psycho-social disabilities. MDAC uses law to promote equality and social inclusion through strategic litigation, advocacy, research and monitoring and capacity-building. MDAC operates at the global level as well as regional and domestic levels in Europe and Africa.

The Quality Rights Programme at the WHO offers a wealth of free information and training to help individuals and services.